Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Eye Diseases in Boston
There are some aspects of health and wellness that many people routinely take for granted. This is very true of something like eyesight because, although our eyes are a part of our body that we use every day, we do so on a mostly subconscious level. Minor eye issues, such as wateriness or redness, can often accompany other illnesses, so we tend to pay attention to relieving the cause of the physical symptoms, without giving too much extra thought directly to any further problems with the eyes beyond the illness. Sometimes, however, eye irritations can indicate a specific problem with the eye and not just an unrelated illness. These problems can range from mild to acute, and some of the most common issues are dry eye, cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy.
Causes of Eye Diseases
Causes of eye disease may vary between individuals and situations. Some people may be born with a genetic tendency to develop a certain eye disease and sometimes eye diseases happen as the result of a specific illness or injury.
- Dry Eye - Occurs when there is a prolonged absence of lubrication on the surface of the eye that leads to irritation and a feeling as if there is a foreign object in the eye.
- Cataracts - Are the most prevalent eye disease in people over the age of 40 and they occur when there is clouding over the eye’s lens, which lies behind the Iris and the Pupil of the eyes. It is the world’s leading cause of blindness.
- Glaucoma - Is caused primarily by increased pressure in the eye which results in damage to the optic nerve and the signals that send messages from the eyes to the brain.
- Macular Degeneration - This an age-related eye disease that causes the deterioration of the macula, the area of the retina that controls visual acuity. It is the leading cause of vision loss for seniors.
- Diabetic Retinopathy - This is damage to the retina of the eye that is directly related to having diabetes, as the name implies.
Common Symptoms of Eye Disease
Although the causes and characteristics of different eye diseases may vary widely, many eye problems start with symptoms that are generally similar to one another. Some of the most common complaints about all of the diseases listed above are blurry vision, double vision, burning sensation, itchy eyes, experiencing a “glare effect” in night vision, seeing floaters or spots and eye pain, among other visual problems.
Call Our Eye Doctor Near Boston Today!
Eye diseases can be difficult to diagnose, especially as some of them don’t show any symptoms for quite some time. That’s why having a regularly scheduled eye exam with an eye doctor is so important. Seeing an optometrist regularly can help to identify eye diseases at the outset before they progress beyond repair. Our eye doctor near Boston, Eyes Over Copley can do a thorough exam, identify problems and design a course of treatment that helps to preserve eye health for as long as possible.